Natural sanitation and compost production sites

Natural sanitation and compost production sites

Sanitation systems in Ghana, if existent at all, are poor. Many people go to the bush or use the beach for defecating, which contributes to environmental pollution. An easy alternative to these issues are natural sawdust toilets. By covering faeces with sawdust, an optimal carbon/nitrogen (C/N) ratio of the mixture is maintained, which prevents the development of unpleasant odours and allows bacteria to decompose the faeces into valuable organic fertilizers. There is a well-functioning example of such a toilet at the Eco-Lodge “Escape 3 Points” in nearby Akwidaa (Cape Three Points, southernmost point in Ghana). Collaboration with Escape 3 Points for building of the facility is possible. The compost produced in this way has a relatively low amount of nutrients (high C/N ratio), and is this ideal to fertilize the lawns and trees located around the centre. In addition, the organic waste of both the kitchen and from waste recycling sites located around the centre will be gathered to produce a second compost with a relatively high amount of nutrients (low C/N ratio). Since vegetable require high soil fertility, this compost will essentially be used for the organic vegetable, spice & medicine garden, as well as for other crops and trees who might be in short-term need of substantial amounts of nutrients.